The Fields Medals have been announced today. The four winners are:
- Elon Lindenstrauss (for analytic work with applications to number theory)
- NgÃ´ Báº£o ChÃ¢u (for analytic work with applications to number theory)
- Stanislav Smirnov (for theoretical work in statistical physics)
- Cedric Villani (for theoretical work in statistical physics).
Lindenstrauss made far-reaching advances in ergodic theory (the study of statistical behavior of dynamical systems); NgÃ´ gave a proof of a long-standing conjecture in number theory, namely, the Fundamental Lemma; Smirnov brought mathematical rigor to statistical physics; and Villani made deep connections between mathematics and physics, especially in the topic of entropy.